The History of House – 1989 (5/5)


Sun, 28 Dec 2003 19:15:11
written by Phil Cheeseman for DJ magazine

It’s been ten years since the first identifiably house tracks were put on to vinyl, ten years which have changed the technology behind the electronic music revolution beyond recognition but left the basic structure of house intact. It’s seven years since it was being said house couldn’t last, that it was just hi-NRG, a fast blast that would wither as quickly as it had started. But then the music reinvented itself, and then again and again until it gradually dawned on people that house wasn’t just another phase of club culture, it was club culture, the continuing future of dance music. The reason? It’s simple. People like to dance to house.

1989
By now the UK and its trend-hungry music press had become the local point of the dance music world. After acid had slumped into fatuousness with the adopted logo of acid, the smiley, appearing on t- shirts racked up in every high street and the mainstream press (including the ‘qualities’) scuttling after every whiff of a half-arsed drug story, they discovered new beat from Belgium. The trouble was that save for one or two genuinely good records like A Split Second‘s ‘Flesh‘, nearly everyone outside Belgium hated new beat, a sort of sluggish cross between acid, techno and heavy industrial Euro music and the media hype dissolved into a number of red faces. Then they discovered garage. ‘Garage‘ as a term had already long been in use on the house scene to differentiate the smooth, soulful songs flowing from New York and New Jersey from the more energetic, uplifting deep house out of Chicago. But the hype on this supposedly new music did allow a lot of very good acts a chance of exposure that otherwise they wouldn’t have had. The Americans were confused. To most New Yorkers and Jerseyites, garage was what was played at the Paradise’ Garage, which had closed two years earlier. What they were making was club music or dance music, and house was all that track stuff from Chicago. But they were happy that someone somewhere was getting off on their sound. Tony Humphries, who’d been on New York’s Kiss FM since 1981 and at the Zanzibar in New Jersey since 1982, was to become instrumental in exposing the Jersey sound. Though he was one of more open-minded DJ’s In the New York area, his was the style that married real r’n’b based dance to house.

Blaze were the forerunners of the new soul vision, followed by their protégés Phase II, who struck big with the optimism anthem ‘Reachin‘, and Hippie Torrales’ Turntable Orchestra with ‘You’re Gonna Miss Me‘. Then there were the girls – Vicky Martin with ‘Not Gonna Do It’ and of course, Adeva, behind whom was the talented Smack Productions team. ‘ In And Out 0f My Life‘ had already been released by Easy Street a year before, but when Cooltempo signed the Jersey wailer up on the basis of her cover of Aretha Franklin‘s ‘Respect‘, mainstream success was more than on the cards – it was a dead cert. ‘Respect’ entered the Top 40 in January and hung around for two months, by which time Chanelle‘s ‘One Man‘ and then her own collaboration with Paul Simpson, ‘Musical Freedom‘ had followed the example. It didn’t end there. Jomanda, who shared the billing with Tony Humphries at a massive event stage in Brixton’s Academy were next with ‘Make My Body Rock‘, and though they were to become successful in the States, their sound never crossed over in the UK.

New York was stepping up the pace in grand fashion and there was a lot more going on than just the Jersey sound. Following Todd Terry‘s success, the New York sample track was breaking out like wildfire, particularly with Frankie Bones, Tommy Musto and Lenny Dee at Fourth Floor, Breakln’ Bones and Nu Groove records. Nu Groove, built on the foundation of the Burrell twins who’d escaped from an abortive r’n’b career with Virgin Records, was fast becoming the hippest house label. Nu Groove had started the year before with records like Bas Noir‘s ‘My Love Is Magic‘ and Aphrodisiac‘s ‘Your Love‘ and by 1989 they were on a roll. Nu Groove never had a sound – with producers as disparate as the Burrells, Bobby Konders and Frankie Bones that wasn’t conceivable – and they never really had one big record, but the concept of the label went from strength to strength. Among their producers was Kenny ‘Dope’ Gonzalez, yet to hook up with Little Louie Vega, who was moving into house with his Freestyle Orchestra project. Nu Groove’s first competitor was to come in the form of Strictly Rhythm, who opened up in 1989, though their first breakthrough wasn’t to come until the following year. Two other New York producers who were also beginning to make a lot of noise were Clivilles and Cole with Seduction‘s ‘Seduction‘ and their excellent deep, dubby mix of Sandee‘s ‘Notice Me‘. Their break into the mainstream came with a mix of Natalie Cole‘s ‘Pink Cadillac‘. Another guy who was also beginning to make a name for himself as a house remixer was David Morales.

But one of the biggest records on the burgeoning UK rave scene was a record that made very little impact in its native New York – the 2 In A Room LP on Cutting Records, a follow-up to 2 In A Room‘s ‘Somebody In The House Say Yeah‘ that included a clutch of firing sample tracks from Todd Terry, Louie Vega, George Morel and a few other producers known only on the Latin freestyle scene in New York.

By Summer 89 the acid house scene had grown into the rave scene which was becoming so big that promoters came up with the idea of putting on huge events in the countryside outside London – events that could not only hold thousands of people but which could go on all night. Although the scene was later to degenerate with an increasingly narrow musical policy, ludicrously numerous DJ line-ups and suffer from gangster style promoters who saw how much money could be made, at the time it was incredibly broad. Alongside the regular house movers, records like Corporation Of One‘s ‘Real Life‘, Karlya’s ‘Let Me Love You For Tonight’ and 808 State‘s ‘Pacific‘ became the open air anthems.

Several of those anthems came from a label that had started up in Canada the year before. Toronto’s Big Shot Records was the brainchild of producers Andrew Komis and Nick Fiorucci, and they were startled when Amy Jackson‘s ‘Let It Loose’, Index‘s ‘Give Me A Sign‘, Jillian Mendez‘s ‘Get Up‘ and Dionne‘s ‘Come Get My Lovin‘ became huge club records in the UK.

I was dumbfounded about England. To me it was soccer players and the Queen, but if it wasn’t for the dance stores in London and Record Mirror I’d probably be working in a hardware store.” Andrew Komis. Again, the scene was largely fueled by radio. Though the original pirates had come off the air in an attempt to gain licenses (Kiss eventually managed it in 1990) and the penalties had been sharply increased, a new generation of pirates were on the air – Sunrise, Center force, Fantasy, Dance and countless others. Young, loud and incredibly unprofessional, they pumped out an endless diet of underground house music round the clock and shamelessly promoted all the raves.

Another set of incredibly successful records came from a country only marginally more likely than Canada. House records from the Continent were becoming more and more common, though most of them were sub-standard covers of US and UK records, and when Italy’s Cappella crashed the charts with ‘Helyom Halib‘ it was really only because it was based on a huge club record from Chicago which had never managed to crossover – LNR‘s ‘Work It To The Bone‘. Then came Starlight with ‘Numero Uno‘ and Black Box with ‘Ride On Time‘, both the work of production team Groove Groove Melody. ‘Ride On Time’ was a brilliant concept, taking the vocals from Loleatta Holloway‘s ‘Love Sensation‘ and putting them to a sizzling piano anthem. There was no holding it back. As the record flew up the charts on its way to becoming the first house Number 1 since ‘Jack Your Body’, the floodgates opened. Italo-house was a happy, uplifting lightweight sound nurtured in the hedonistic clubs of the Adriatic resorts Rimini and Riccione, and it gatecrashed everything from the large raves to the hippest clubs. Those that argued that there was no substance behind it (a lot of the records WERE extremely corny) were foiled when a more mature sound emerged with Sueno Latino‘s ‘Sueno Latino‘ and Soft House Company‘s ‘What You Need.’ Despite their initial insistence that ‘Ride On Time’ wasn’t all sampled, Black Box managed to record a very good album, though they promptly pulled a similar stunt on Martha Wash, who wasn’t at all amused. The Italians would go on to become an integral part of house music, with one of the most consistent labels, Irma, proving acceptance in New York by opening up shop there.

Even in 1989, when house music had become the property of the world, Chicago still had a few tricks up its sleeve. Led by people like Steve Poindexter and Armando, the new underground of the city was returning to its roots with a new, minimalist style even rougher and rawer than the original drum tracks, a sound that was to join acid and techno in forming the roots of the hardcore scene. Another producer who’d led the way with crazy tracks like ‘War Games‘ and ‘Video Clash‘ was Lil Louis. While his spinning partner DJ Pierre became entangled in a fruitless contract with Jive Records (a fate that also befell Liz Torres), who’d opened up in Chicago, Louis’ time came in 1989 with a track that slowed down to a complete halt and had as a vocal only a senes a female love moans – ‘French Kiss‘. ‘French Kiss’ was a huge club record and eventually it climbed to Number 2 in the charts and landed Louis an album deal with Epic in the States and ffrr in the UK. Though the style had started three years earlier with Jackmaster Dick‘s ‘Sensuous Woman Goes Disco‘ and Raze‘s ‘Break 4 Love‘ the previous year, ‘French Kiss’ began a sex track phenomenon that was to last a long time.

Another group that broke out of Chicago was Da Posse, formed by Hula, K Fingers, Martell and Maurice. Their early tracks like ‘In The Life’ were mostly based on old Rhythm Is Rhythm records, but ‘Searchin Hard‘, a deep house song on Dance Mania records led them to a deal with Dave Lee’s Republic Records, for whom they eventually recorded an excellent album. Later they formed their own label, Clubhouse Records.

Two other house originals also teamed up in 1989 – Frankie Knuckles and Robert Owens, who recorded ‘Tears‘ with Japanese keyboardist Satoshi Tomiie. ‘Tears’ was a great record but mystifyingly, even in the year of house hits, it failed to make the charts. Though Kevin Saunderson, Derrick May and Juan Atkins had become very popular with the majors as remixers, Detroit had become very quiet, and the only club that supported techno, the Music Institute, had closed down. But a resurgence was on the horizon with new producers like Carl Craig and a young protégé of Saunderson who had just made his first record for KMS – Marc Kinchen.

Despite the studied apathy of the American music business and repeated attempts to replace house in Britain with just about anything – Soul II Soul and their numerous imitators proved more of a hiccup than anything else the 4/4 bass kick entered the new decade stronger than ever, underground dance scenes developing in new cities and new countries with every month that passed. Even Spain underwent its own acid house craze in 89, and threw up the talented Barcelona producer Raul Orellana, who created a style all of his own by merging flamenco with house. A comment made in 1988 by Robert Owens on the UK TV documentary ‘Club Culture‘ was proving truer and truer.

“It’s not just boom boom boom. They’re telling me something here. Something I can dance to and learn from. I can see house music becoming universal one day. It’ll just take time for people to receive it.”

The History Of House – 1987 (3/5)

Sun, 28 Dec 2003 19:15:11
written by Phil Cheeseman for DJ magazine

It’s been ten years since the first identifiably house tracks were put on to vinyl, ten years which have changed the technology behind the electronic music revolution beyond recognition but left the basic structure of house intact. It’s seven years since it was being said house couldn’t last, that it was just hi-NRG, a fast blast that would wither as quickly as it had started. But then the music reinvented itself, and then again and again until it gradually dawned on people that house wasn’t just another phase of club culture, it was club culture, the continuing future of dance music. The reason? It’s simple. People like to dance to house.

1987
While Chicago stole the thunder in 1986, other cities not only in the United States but across the world had either been absorbing house or working on their own thing, biding their time. One record from New York served a warning shot that the city was gearing up for some serious action – ‘Do It Properly‘ by 2 Puerto Ricans, A Blackman and A Dominican. ‘Do It Properly’ was essentially a bootleg of Adonis’ ‘No Way Back’ with loads of samples and a great electronic keyboard riff squeezed in to it and the first in a long, long line of New York sample house tracks. Its producers were one Robert Clivilles and David Cole, helped by another guy called David Morales. After that some kid in Brooklyn called Todd Terry made a couple of sample tracks with a freestyle groove for Fourth Floor Records by an act he called Masters At Work.

But the sound that was really taking shape in New York and New Jersey was a deep style of club music based on a heritage that had its roots firmly in R’n’B. Though there were some superb deep, emotive instrumentats like Jump St. Man‘s ‘B-Cause‘, the emphasis was on songs, which came with Arnold Jarvis‘ ‘Take Some Time‘, Touch‘s ‘Without You‘, Exit‘s ‘Let’s Work It Out‘ and a record on Movln, a new label run from a record store in New Jersey’s East Orange – Park Ave‘s ‘Don’t Turn Your Love‘. Ironically, as the first garage hits began to appear, The Paradise Garage – Larry Levan had already left – closed, but the vibe carried on with Blaze, who recorded ‘If You Should Need A Friend‘ and Jomanda, both of whom teamed up with new New York label Quark.

Echoing the need for vocals in house music, deep house began to take hold in Chicago. Following Marshall Jefferson’s lush productions, the record that defined deep house was the Nightwriters‘ ‘Let The Music Use You‘, mixed by Frankie Knuckles and song by Ricky Dillard, a record that a year later was to become one of the anthems of the UK’s Summer Of Love. And it didn’t end there. Kym Mazelle launched her career with ‘Taste My Love‘ and ‘I’m A Lover‘, while Ralphie Rosario unleashed the monstrous ‘You Used To Hold Me‘ featuring the wailing tonsils of Xavier Gold. Then there was Ragtyme’s ‘I Can’t Stay Away‘, sung by a guy who sounded a a little like a new Smokey Robinson – Byron Stingily. Soon after, Ragtyme, who also made an extremely silly innuendo track called ‘Mr Fixit Man‘, mutated into Ten Clty. But Chicago‘s excursion into songs wasn’t only characterised by uplifting wailers. There was another side, led by the weird, melanchoty songs of Fingers Inc and beginning to show itself in other minimalist productions like MK II‘s ‘Don’t Stop The Muslc‘ and 2 House People‘s ‘Move My Body‘. By 1987, though house was no longer a tale of two cities. The virus was taklng hold elsewhere as clubbers, DJs and producers worldwide became exited by the new music.

It was obvious that Britain, which had already seen a massive boom in club culture in the mid-eighties as the increasingly racially integrated urban areas turned to Black music in favour of the indigeonous indie rock music, would eventually get in on the act. Though acts like Huddersfield’s Hotline, The Beatmasters from London and a handful of others who included DJs Ian B and Eddie Richards had been trying to figure things out, the first British house track to really make any noise came from a partnership that included a DJ from Manchester’s Hacienda, one of the very first clubs in Britain to devote whole nights to house music – Mike Pickering. With its funk bassline and Latin piano riffs, T-Coy‘s ‘Carino‘ busted out all over, particularly in London at previously rap and funk clubs like Raw. But with the open nature of the UK pop charts compared to Billboard which was an impossibly tough nut to crack for small labels marketing new music, it was inevitable that the sound would be commercialised. ‘Pump Up The Volume‘ by M/A/R/R/S was a rather lightweight record based on a house beat with a number of clever (at the time) samples but it worked like crazy on the dancefloor and it wasn’t long before club support propelled it into the charts, where it held Number 1 for an incredible three weeks. Also in the top ten at the same time was another record that had broken out of Chicago – the House’ ‘House Nation‘. The marketability of house – or pophouse – in the UK became gruesomely apparent with the advent of the ‘Jack Mix’ series, a number of hideous stars-on-45 style megamixes of all the house hits.

Things were progressing in a much more underground fashion back in the States. A few guys in particular who’d been noticed hanging out in Chicago and checking the scene came from a city just a couple of hundred miles away Detroit. One of them, Juan Atkins, had been making records since the early eighties under the moniker Cybotron which specialised in spacey electro-funk fired by the Euro rhythms of Kraftwerk. But progress had been slow and electro had already fused with rap. By 1985 Atkins’ sound was beginning to change with records like Model 500‘s ‘No UFO‘s’, which bore more than a passing resemblance to the new sounds emanating from their neighbouring city. Two other guys who had been to school with Atkins, and who shared his passion for European music were also beginning to experiment with making tracks and heartened by what they heard coming out of Chicago, set to work Their first tracks, X-Ray‘s ‘Let’s Go‘, produced by Derrick May and Kevin Saunderson‘s ‘Triangle Of Love‘ by Kreem weren’t classics by any stretch of the imagination but it didn’t tahe them long to hit full power. Kevin came out with ‘Force Field‘ and ‘Just Want Another Chance‘, and Juan pressed on with Model 500’s ‘Sound Of Stereo‘ but it was Derrick who really hit the button with Rhythim Is Rhythm‘s ‘Nude Photo‘, ‘Kaos‘ and ‘The Dance‘, all of which were immediate hits on the Chicago scene, and the latter a record that was to be thieved and sampled again and again for years to come. The Belleville Three, as they became known after the college they attended, made an amusing trio with Kevin as the regular guy, Derrick as the fast-talking nutter and Juan as the laid-back smokehead, but there was more to techno than that. Two other producers who helped forge the different sound were Eddie Fowlkes and Blake Baxter. It was faster, more frantic, even more influenced by European electrobeat and severed the continium with disco and Philadelphia, taking only the space funk basslines of George Ctinton from Black music. They called it techno. But Chicago was also beginning to head off into another direction, the most frenetic form of house yet. It was started by two crazy tracks that Ron Hardy had been pumping at the Music Box and it was going to be perhaps the most important stage of house so far. It was acid.

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The History Of House – 1986 (2/5)


Sun, 28 Dec 2003 19:15:11
written by Phil Cheeseman for DJ magazine

It’s been ten years since the first identifiably house tracks were put on to vinyl, ten years which have changed the technology behind the electronic music revolution beyond recognition but left the basic structure of house intact. It’s seven years since it was being said house couldn’t last, that it was just hi-NRG, a fast blast that would wither as quickly as it had started. But then the music reinvented itself, and then again and again until it gradually dawned on people that house wasn’t just another phase of club culture, it was club culture, the continuing future of dance music. The reason? It’s simple. People like to dance to house.

1986
While Frankie Knuckles had laid the groundwork for house at the Warehouse, it was to be another DJ from the gay scene that was really to create the environment for the house explosion – Ron Hardy. Where Knuckles’ sound was still very much based in disco, Hardy was the DJ that went for the rawest, wildest rhythm tracks he could find and he made The Music Box the inspirational temple for pretty much every DJ and producer that was to come out of the Chicago scene. He was also the DJ to whom the producers took their very latest tracks so they could test the reaction on the dance floor. Larry Heard was one of those people.

“People would bring their tracks on tape and the DJ would play spin them in. It was part of the ritual, you’d take the tape and see the crowd reaction. I never got the chance to take my own stuff because Robert (Owens) would always get there first.”

“The Music Box was underground ” remembers Adonis. “You could go there in the middle of the winter and it’d be as hot as hell, people would be walking around with their shirts off. Ron Hardy had so much power people would be praising his name while he was playing, and I’ve got the tapes to prove it!

“The difference between Frankie and Ronnie was that people weren’t making records when Frankie was playing, though all the guys who would become the next DJs were there checking him out. It was The Music Box that really inspired people. I went there one night and the next day I was in the studio making ‘No Way Back’ ” In 1985 the records were few and far between. By 1986 the trickle had turned to a flood and it seemed like everybody in Chicago was making house music. The early players were joined by a rush of new talent which included the first real vocal talents of house – Liz Torres, Keith Nunally who worked with Steve Hurley, and Robert Owens who joined up with Larry Heard to form Fingers Inc, though the duo had already worked with Harri Dennis on The It’s ‘Donnie’ -and key producers like Adonis, Mr Lee, K Alexi and a guy who was developing a deep, melodic sound that relied on big strings and pounding piano – Marshall Jefferson.

Marshall worked with a number of people like Harri Dennis and Vince Lawrence for projects like Jungle Wonz and Virgo, who made the stunning ‘RU Hot Enough’. But it was ‘Move Your Body‘ that became THE house record of 1986, so big that both Trax and DJ International found a way to release it, and it was no idle boast when the track was subtitled ‘The House Music Anthem’, because that’s exactly what it was. Jefferson was to become the undisputed king of house, going on to make a string of brilliant records with Hercules and On The House and developing the quintessential deep house sound first with vocalist Curtis McClean and then with Ce Ce Rogers and Ten City. “I can remember clearing a floor with that record” laughs Jazzy M. “Though they’d started playing it in Manchester, most of London was still caught up in that rare groove and hip hop thing. A lot of people were saying to me ‘why are you playing this hi- NRG’ and it was hard work but people were starting to get into it.” ‘Move Your Body’ was undoubtedly the record that really kicked off house in the UK, first played repeatedly by the established pirate radio stations in London, which at the time played right across the Black music spectrum, and then by club DJs like Mike Pickering, Colin Faver, Eddie Richards, Mark Moore and Noel and Maurice Watson, the latter two playing at the first club in London to really support house – Delirium.

Radio was the key to the explosion in Chicago. Farley Jackmaster Funk had secured a spot on the adventurous WBMX station, playing after midnight every day, and it wasn’t long before he brought in the Hot Mix 5 which included Mickey Oliver, Ralphie Rosario, Mario Diaz and Julian Perez, and Steve Hurley, giving people who couldn’t go to the parties the chance to hear the music. Then there was Lil Louis, who was throwing his own parties. By this time, house was moving out of the gay scene and on to wider acceptance, though in Chicago at least it was to remain very much a Black thing. Though a number of Hispanics were on the house scene, the number of White DJs and producers could be counted on one hand.

The labels were still mostly limited to the terrible twins that were to dominate Chicago house for the next two years Trax and DJ International. Between them they had nearly all the local talent sewn up and by popular consent they were just as dodgy as each other, with rumors and stories of rip-offs and generally dubious activity endlessly circulating. Everybody it seemed, was stealing from everybody else. One that remains largely untold involved Frankie Knuckles. “This was the story at the time” recalls Adonis. “Supposedly Frankie sold Jamie Principle’s unreleased tapes to DJ International AND Trax at the same time. Then Jamie came out with a record called ‘Knucklehead’ dissing Frankie. After that Frankie went back to New York.”

When Rocky Jones at DJ International became convinced by a larger- than-life character named Lewis Pitzele who was helping put a lot of the deals together at the time that Europe was the place to focus on, house poured into Britain with London Records putting the first compilation of early DJ International material out. As the press bandwagon rolled into action the 86 Chicago House Party featuring Adonis, Marshall Jefferson, Fingers Inc and Kevin Irving toured the UK’s clubs. Trax took a little longer

Adonis: “Trax was meant to be a bullshit label for all the dirty, raggedy records Larry Sherman didn’t give a shit about. You know, labels were always trying to do radio stuff, but Trax became popular after ‘No Way Back‘ and ‘Move Your Body’ and all those tracks.” It was DJ International and London who notched up the first house hits, first with Farley ‘Jackmaster’ Funk’s ‘Love Can’t Turn Around‘, a cover of the old Isaac Hayes song with camp wailer Daryl Pandy on vocals which reached Number 10 in September 1986, and then a record that spent months gestating in the clubs before it was finally catapulted to Number One in January 1987 – Jim Silk’s ‘Jack Your Body’. The Americans were gob smacked. Their underground club music was going mainstream four thousand miles from its home. But it was no surprise that Steve Hurley was behind the track, which hit the top despite only having three words – the title. Even then he was the one with the commercial touch. It wasn’t a terribly original record – the bassline was from First Choice’s ‘Let No Man Put Asunder’, but it summed up the mood of jack fever. All of a sudden the word ‘Jack’, which originally described the form of dancing people did to house, was everywhere ‘Jack The Box’, ‘Jack The House’, ‘Jack To The Sound’ ‘J-J-J-J-JJack-Jack-Jack-Jack’. It was the stutter sample on the ‘J’ that took the word into legend. Vaughan Mason’s Raze, who’d quietly been doing stuff out of Washington DC burst into the clubs and then followed Jim Silk into the charts with ‘Jack The Groove’. And garage? New York simply couldn’t match the energy flowing out of Chicago but there was little doubt that the music was developing simultaneously. The Jersey garage sound, boosted by Tony Humphries (who’d also been on the radio since 1981) at Newark’s Zanzibar Club, was beginning to take shape with Blaze but the New York club sound was defined at the time by Dhar Braxton’s ‘Jump Back’ and Hanson & Davis’ ‘Hungry For Your Love’ which borrowed heavily from the Latin freestyle sound but echoed the energy of house. And over in Brooklyn, producers like Tommy Musto working for the Underworld/Apexton label were developing a different style again, one that like Chicago seemed to take its roots as much from Eurobeat as from Black music, though the mood and tempo was strictly New York.

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[12-DIAM] FBK – Untithesis EP

FBK – Antithesis EP
Label: Diametric
Catalog#: 12-DIAM
Format: 12″ Vinyl (limited, handnumbered 300 copies)
Country: Glasgow
Released: 18 June 2012

Tracklist:
A1. Where The World Was Once
A2. Joy Is A Belief In Pain
B1. Slip And The Lock
B2. Forget The Shame

Credits:
 After the successful release of “the expert escapist” 12” on diametric. in late 2010 and the inclusion of the track “nanomal” on last years Music Man Mix CD by Marcel Dettmann, our purveyor of straight no nonsense techno Mr. Kevin M. Kennedy returns with four new slices of dancefloor techno. If you like your techno edgy and direct in your face, this is the record for you. Hailing from Columbus, Ohio, USA, Kevin has already released on Shake’s Frictional label and on the Detroit based Xplor label (as Sleep Engineer) and others, and is a very welcome part of the diametric. family now. 
300 handnumbered limited vinyl copies only. No digital distribution.

Diametric-Music